TMS 2021

150th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society


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150th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society is organized between 14 Mar and 18 Mar 2021.

TMS 2021 is in Orlando, Florida, USA but the venue of the event is Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA.

150th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS 2021) is going to be the principal event about Minerals, Material, Fundamental Sciences, Metal, Metals & Ores and Metallic Elements And Alloys.

TMS 2021 is organized annually.

11000 attendees are expected to visit TMS 2021 this year.

The association of the TMS 2021 is The Minerals and Metals & Materials Society .

Get ready for Orlando!

This expansive scientific programme will be held in the impressive Orange County Convention Center, located in 9800 International Dr, Orlando, FL 32819, USA. This congress centre has also played host to the annual meeting on multiple occasions, and repeat visitors will be familiar with its bright, open spaces, generous meeting rooms and superb location. Hotel accommodations are now available at our website. For individual hotel booking best resource is our website. Hotels in close proximity to the venue are available to book directly at special rates. You just have to fill out the housing form, check for available options, and choose the hotel available and the one you like from the list, book directly by online secure payments. This will give delegates access to the best locations at favorable rates, and we strongly recommended booking your hotel through our website.

We look forward to welcoming you to Orlando!

VENUE : Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

8701 World Center Dr, Orlando, FL 32821, United States

Program Overview

7:30 AM


    TMS2021 Technical Program

    TMS2021 will present more than 85 symposia planned by all five TMS technical divisions and covering a broad range of topics related to minerals, metals, and materials science and engineering. For your convenience, the symposia have been divided into the following technical tracks. Click on a track to preview technical program plans for this year's conference. Learn more about TMS 2021 programming plans.

    General Poster Session Now Accepting Abstracts

    Missed the deadline to submit an abstract for TMS2021? Present your work at the conference's General Poster Session. Posters will be accepted in any of the topic areas listed below. Abstracts due December 3.

    Additive Technologies

    Materials Processing

    Mechanics and Structural Reliability


    Nuclear Materials

    Physical Metallurgy

    Light Metals


    Nanostructured and Heterostructured Materials

    Advanced Materials

    Electronic Materials

    Energy & Environment


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA


7:30 AM


    Electrometallurgy 2021 at TMS202

    TMS2021 will feature the 3rd International Symposium on Electrometallurgy as part of this year’s conference. This special symposium, which builds on the success of symposia held in Orlando in 2012 and Quebec City in 2016, will bring together industry, consulting engineers, and researchers to discuss fundamental research, development, and application of innovative aqueous or molten salt electrometallurgical processing technologies for the extraction of metals. This year’s event will also feature Sadoway 70, an honorary symposium dedicated to the innovative contributions of Donald Sadoway, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

    About the Electrometallurgy 2021 Symposium

    Electrolytic processing is used commercially to recover and refine metals including large-scale production of aluminum, copper, magnesium, nickel, and zinc, as well as for recovery and refining of gold and silver. There are also exciting opportunities to utilize electrometallurgy in the production of titanium, lead, and other metals.

    Electrometallurgy faces challenges that include energy utilization, chemical stability, productivity, and safety. To meet the present challenges in commercial electrometallurgy, a variety of technological advances have been made. Similar challenges will be faced in the future, requiring process improvements and innovations.

    The symposium will provide a forum for the international metallurgical community to discuss innovative approaches to reduce energy consumption during electrolysis of metals. Topics will include:

    Copper electrowinning & electrorefining

    Electrochemical Engineering

    Anode Materials & Technology

    Electrometallurgy at High Temperature

    Electroslag refining

    Electrochemical effluent treatment

    Molten salts: (Ta, Sc, Ti, Ca, Li, Na, Mo,… )

    Electromotive force measurements

    Liquid metal batteries

    Molten oxides

    About the Sadoway 70 Symposium

    This installment of the Electrometallurgy symposium will also host Sadoway 70, an honorary symposium dedicated to the innovative contributions of Donald Sadoway, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). This symposium, formally titled Process Metallurgy and Electrochemistry of Molten Salts, Liquid Metal Batteries, and Extra-terrestrial Materials Processing: An EPD Symposium in Honor of Don Sadoway, will feature a line-up of invited speakers, and topics will encompass process metallurgy and electrochemistry of molten salts, liquid metal batteries, and extra-terrestrial materials processing.

    Electrometallurgy 2021 Organizers

    Antoine Allanore, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

    Michael Free, University of Utah, USA

    Georges Houlachi, Hydro-Quebec, Canada

    Hojong Kim, Pennsylvania State University, USA

    Takanari Ouchi, The University of Tokyo, Japan

    Shijie Wang, Rio Tinto Kennecott Utah Copper Corp, USA

    Electrometallurgy 2021 Sponsors

    This symposium is organized by TMS and the Metallurgy and Materials Society (MetSoc) of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum (CIM), with leadership from the TMS Extraction & Processing Division and support from the Hydrometallurgy and Electrometallurgy, Process Modeling and Technology, and Pyrometallurgy Committees of TMS.


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Additive Technologies

7:30 AM


    Additive Manufacturing: Advanced Characterization with Synchrotron, Neutron, and in situ Laboratory-scale Techniques

    This symposium focuses on the application of advanced characterization techniques in Additive Manufacturing (AM) materials. It has two main themes. The first theme emphasizes characterization of AM materials using facilitybased, state-of-the-art synchrotron and neutron characterization techniques.

    Abstracts are requested in, but not limited to, the following areas:

    Time-resolved imaging and diffraction of the AM process

    Structure and microstructure evolution during post-build heat treatment

    Residual stress measurements and their model validation

    Spatially resolved measurements at different length scales, including microdiffraction and microtomography

    Mechanical behavior characterization, including deformation, fatigue, and fracture

    The second theme emphasizes in situ characterization and diagnostics using laboratory-scale techniques.

    Abstracts are requested in, but not limited to, the following areas:

    Advancement of existing and emerging in situ monitoring and control techniques to expose process phenomenon, detect material quality, and control process variation

    Identification and understanding of the formation of inherent defects and process anomalies during fabrication from laboratory-scale research to industrial-scale implementation.

    We also welcome abstracts addressing industrial applications and industrial perspective on characterization needs, as well as theoretical modeling and numerical simulations that are validated by synchrotron, neutron, or laboratory scale in situ measurements.

    Additive Manufacturing Alternative Processes (Beyond the Beam)

    Additive manufacturing comprises a breadth of processes, which have significant economic potential and technical challenges. Significant resources have been committed to laser powder bed fusion and electron beam powder bed fusion processes. However, additive processes which produce green components and require consolidation processes such as sintering and HIP eliminate many short comings such as slow build rates, residual stress, and print support structures. In addition, the green part additive technologies build on existing process technology from powder materials and ceramics, which enable the additive processing of non-weldable materials. These processes include but are not limited to: binder jetting, material extrusion, filament process, nano-Inkjet printing and selective laser sintering. However, these processes introduce other challenges such as: feedstock development, alloy design, depowdering, powder recycling, binder design, debinding, full consolidation, microstructural development, sintering distortion, and sintering support structure design.

    This symposium will explore the interrelationships between the various aspects on the process variables, properties, application performance, economics, and functionality of these non-beam additive processes.

    Additive Manufacturing for Energy Applications II

    Exploration of additive manufacturing (AM) techniques within energy sectors has shown an increase of applications, a large variety of materials, and industry-specific design and qualification requirements. Full adoption to market in all energy sectors is limited in spite of the increased interest. AM techniques provide a unique advantage for the energy industry due to the shortened development and fabrication times, product quality, and process repeatability. Not yet commonplace in the energy sector, AM provides new opportunities in the design space during inception of new products (both structural component and material design) due to fewer limitations on localized design features that could not generally be performed using conventional fabrication processes (e.g., casting, extrusion, etc.) and subtractive fabrication (e.g. machining).

    This symposium will integrate invited and contributed talks on the use of AM in energy industries (nuclear, wind, fossil, ocean, water) and will include, but are not limited to, the following topics based on experimental and computational approaches:

    Processing-microstructure-property relationship of AM-fabricated materials for structural components

    In-situ sensor and embedded sensor development in extreme environments (e.g. temperatures [very high, subzero], radiation, corrosive, high flow media)

    In-situ processing and characterization and effects of post-processing heat treatments

    Advances in AM design methodologies, new material designs, and AM techniques

    Modeling and simulations for design of high-performance AM-fabricated materials

    Qualification approaches

    Economic advantages: Case Studies


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Materials Processing

7:30 AM


    11th International Symposium on High Temperature Metallurgical Processing

    This symposium seeks abstracts from authors who are engaged in the analysis, development, and/or operation of high-temperature processes that involve the extraction and processing of material resources, production, and treatment of metals, alloys, and ceramic materials. Papers that describe innovative methods for achieving property enhancement, impurity segregation and removal, by-product recovery, waste minimization, energy efficiency, and utilization of complex ores are particularly welcome. Also of interest are papers on the various technical, economic, and environmental issues associated with commercial-scale high-temperature processing methods. Best papers presented and published in the symposium proceedings will be selected, and award certificates will be issued.

    Advances in Surface Engineering II

    This symposium aims to capture recent advances in processing, characterization, simulation/modeling, and applications related to surface engineering of materials. The symposium topics include, but are not limited to:

    Coatings (metallic, ceramic, organic, and composite coatings)

    Surface protection from wear and corrosion

    Surface characterization techniques

    Surface alloying

    Nanostructured surfaces


    High-temperature coatings

    Additively manufactured surface

    Defects and Properties of Cast Metals

    This is the 3rd International Symposium on Defects and Properties in Cast Metals sponsored by the Solidification Committee of the TMS Materials Processing & Manufacturing Division. Defects generated during the solidification of liquid metals, whether during primary metal processing, shape casting, or additive manufacturing, dramatically affect the subsequent mechanical and physical properties of the final product. These defects arise from a range of fundamental mechanisms such as surface oxidation, entrainment of exogenous materials, dissolved gasses, solidification shrinkage, unwanted micro-structural phases with detrimental morphologies, and the development of stresses in the solidifying metal resulting in hot tearing and cracking. In many instances, defects arise from a combination of many physical processes.

    This symposium seeks contributions from all alloys systems, including ferrous, non-ferrous, superalloys, and other materials; and from all metals processes, including: ingot casting, DC casting, foundry/shape casting, die casting, investment casting, sand-casting, continuous casting of steel, and advanced solidification processes, such as additive manufacturing.

    Topics include measurements and modeling of any phenomena related to casting defects and properties: liquid metal refining, inclusions and metal cleanliness; re-oxidation; slag/dross entrainment and fluid flow effects; surface defects, shrinkage, gas, and porosity problems; segregation (a-, v-, freckles, inverse, centreline, etc.); hot tearing and other cracks; residual stresses, distortion, and shape problems; microstructural, precipitate- and grain defects; inservice properties, such as strength, ductility, toughness, fatigue, and wear; advanced characterization methods for defect detection, both online and ex situ sampling methods & modeling.

    The objective of this symposium is to bring together researchers working in diverse fields that may share common fundamentals and goals, but may not usually collaborate, in order to stimulate interdisciplinary discussion.


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Mechanics and Structural Reliability

7:30 AM


    Advancing Current and State-of-the-Art Application of Ni- and Cobased Superalloys

    Superalloys are critical to operation and future design of a wide variety of propulsion and power-generation components in the aerospace, marine, and energy industries. Their industrial application is often driven by excellent long-term stability and durability at elevated temperatures or in aggressive environments because they display a good balance of mechanical strength, fatigue, and creep resistance, as well as corrosion and oxidation resistance.

    This symposium aims to attract papers on current and state-of-art application of Ni- and Co-based superalloys.

    Topics of interest may include (but are not limited to): Viability of fabrication with additive manufacturing methods (powder bed techniques and direct energy deposition)

    Relationships of metallurgical processing with microstructure and performance (i.e. casting, forging, and heat treatment)

    Mechanisms of ambient and elevated temperature plasticity, creep, fatigue, creep-fatigue, crack growth, and environmental damage

    Mitigation of environmental, thermal, and thermal mechanical damage, including improved coatings for service operation

    Advancement in joining, repair, and rejuvenation of superalloys

    Deformation and Transitions at Grain Boundaries VII

    It is well established that grain boundaries are nucleation sites for dislocations, twins, and phase transformations.

    Deformation at the microstructural scale is heterogeneous, due to differences in elastic properties and deformation resistance of specific grain boundaries with respect to an externally applied stress. This can lead to differences in strain accumulation, cause structural changes and transformations within the boundary, and generate gradients in neighboring grains. Due to these effects, the local stress and strain tensors can differ significantly from globally imposed stress states.

    This symposium will examine how heterogeneous strains and transformations originating from grain boundaries can be characterized, analyzed, modeled, and used to account for and ultimately predict continuum scale properties, involving all aspects of material production and service, from initial solidification or consolidation to crack or void nucleation, and the processes by which damage coalescence becomes large enough to be modeled with continuum modeling strategies. Topics anticipated include, but are not limited to: Characterization of heterogeneous strains due to grain or phase boundaries

    Atomistic modeling of deformation that includes grain or phase boundaries

    Boundaries as dislocation or partial dislocation sources and sinks

    Slip transfer/slip penetration and deformation details at interfaces

    Meso-scale modeling of ensembles of grains

    Crystal plasticity and/or transformation modeling

    Damage and crack nucleation at grain or phase boundaries

    Influence of grain boundary structure or character on microstructure evolution

    Concurrent dislocation generation and recovery processes at grain boundaries

    Influence of grain boundary precipitates on plasticity and phase transformations

    Coupling between the local grain boundary structure and other properties of materials

    The composition, structure, stability, and transition of grain boundary complexion (a.k.a., 2-D interfacial “phase”)

    Influence of alloy or impurity atoms on localized boundary deformation

    Formation of boundaries during deformation such as cell-wall structure, GNBs, IDBs, cell-block boundaries, etc


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA


7:30 AM


    Coatings and Surface Engineering for Environmental Protection II

    This symposium will cover the following topics:

    Evaluation of corrosion performance

    Variations in test results between cabinet testing vs out-door testing

    Development of corrosion inhibiting coatings

    Fundamental understanding of corrosion mechanism

    Analytical tools used to characterize corrosion mechanisms

    Challenges to control corrosion under insulation

    Environmental Degradation of Additively Manufactured Alloys

    Over the past ten years, Additive Manufacturing (AM) has grown and expanded throughout different areas of application. A lot of effort has been focused on the processing parameters and powder quality to improve the mechanical properties of additive manufactured materials. These materials often possess significant differences in microstructure as compared with more traditionally produced materials. Given these microstructural differences, evaluation of environmental degradation of additively-produced materials is essential for the prediction of performance and life in harsh environments. Additively processed structural materials could potentially be used in aviation, space, marine, and industrial applications.

    This symposium welcomes contributions that will foster discussion of how additively produced materials degrade in:

    Corrosive environments

    High-temperature, oxidizing environments

    Harsh environments while under mechanical stress

    High-radiation environments

    Environmentally Assisted Cracking: Theory and Practice

    Environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) is a significant limit for the lifetime of material components in harsh environments in many fields, such as the oil and natural gas industry, advanced nuclear power plants, and navy applications. EAC can occur in metals, alloys, ceramics, composites, and may be a potential problem in recently developed materials such as additively manufactured materials, high entropy alloys (multi-principal element alloys), etc.

    The purpose of this symposium is to provide an international forum to foster the discussion of the critical problems in EAC and recent advances in both experiments and simulations. This symposium seeks technical presentations related to experimental and modeling studies of various types of EAC, such as hydrogen embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and liquid metal embrittlement.

    The symposium will encompass, but is not limited to, the following themes:

    Experimental methods for the performance test of EAC in the laboratory and real environments

    Development of physics-based approaches for EAC monitoring and prognostics

    Multiscale models to understand EAC mechanisms and predict the lifetime of structural materials in harsh environments

    Stress corrosion cracking of alloys in high-temperature water, seawater, or other environment

    Fracture and fatigue of alloys in hydrogen environment

    Degradation of materials in liquid metal environment

    EAC in additively manufactured materials and high-entropy alloys


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Nuclear Materials

7:30 AM


    Accelerated Materials Evaluation for Nuclear Applications Utilizing

    Irradiation and Integrated Modeling

    The response of fuels and materials to radiation is critical to the performance of advanced nuclear systems. Key to understanding material performance in a nuclear environment is the analysis of materials irradiated using test reactors and ion beam facilities. This symposium will focus on recent results produced from irradiation programs around the world and will cover fundamental and applied science aspects of accelerated nuclear materials testing for fission and fusion reactors. Presentations combining experiment with theory, modeling, and simulation to enhance our understanding of radiation-induced degradation in materials are especially encouraged.

    Abstracts are solicited for (but not limited to) the following irradiation program topics:

    Fundamental science of radiation damage and defect processes

    Current and advanced nuclear fuels

    Current and advanced structural materials

    Fluence effects in materials

    In-situ testing of materials

    Materials and Chemistry for Molten Salt Systems

    The use of molten salts as a coolant in molten salt reactors (MSR) and concentrating solar power (CSP) systems offers many advantages including low operating pressures, high temperatures, and favorable heat transfer. Molten salts are also widely used in the metal processing and nuclear fuels reprocessing industries. Despite the advantages, the highly aggressive molten salts present a challenging environment for salt facing materials. Further, the high temperatures presented by these systems require exceptional mechanical properties. This symposium covers all aspects of materials science, chemistry, and electrochemistry in molten salt systems for diverse purposes such as energy transfer, energy storage, metallurgical processing, and actinide recovery.

    Abstracts are solicited in the following topics:

    Corrosion of salt-facing materials

    Salt effects in graphite and moderator materials

    Fission product embrittlement

    Alloy selection and design for molten salt applications

    Interaction of fission products with materials

    Mechanical and creep properties

    Electrochemistry for metal processing and actinide recovery

    Salt chemistry effects on materials including radiolysis

    Heat exchanger design

    Welding and cladding issues

    Waste handling and actinide recovery

    Electrochemistry for salt property evaluation


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Physical Metallurgy

7:30 AM


    Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics

    The study of the thermodynamics and kinetics of materials has not only resulted in essential fundamental understanding and new physics, but has opened the door to the discovery and even design of novel materials and processes. Computer simulations have quickly positioned themselves alongside theory and experiment, older members of the scientific method, as a powerful approach to reach scientific truths. Machine learning, the availability of big data and cheap computation, novel tools for collaboration, and breakthroughs in theory and algorithm development have revolutionized and invigorated a respected and historied field. Fast approaching its two-decade anniversary, the Computational Thermodynamics and Kinetics (CTK) symposium at TMS has chronicled and featured many of these breakthroughs. Since its inception, this symposium has highlighted the evolving landscape of tools, techniques, processes, and applications to the vast area of materials science and technology. This year, we are proud to continue this tradition. We welcome submissions related to innovative developments and applications of CTK techniques in understanding materials phenomena, discovery, synthesis, and processing. This year, topics of interest include but are not limited to:

    Computational modeling using modern data methods, machine learning, and inference that advances our understanding of materials and/or introduces new tools

    Computational modeling of rare events, systems out of equilibrium, and materials at extremes

    Computational studies of the role of phonons, magnons, and other excitations, including interactions between them, in the stabilization of phases and/or phase transformations

    Computational models of phase equilibrium, transformations and micro structural evolution, including the effect of defects

    Computational techniques for the calculation of diffusion, transport, and thermally activated processes for a wide range of applications, such as alloy design, microstructure control, multi-phase/multi-component systems

    We welcome submissions from all facets of CTK and encourage those that deal with liquids, interfaces, melting, solidification, and soft matter.

    Phase Transformations and Microstructural Evolution

    Phase transformation is still one of the most effective and efficient means to produce desired microstructures in materials for various applications. This symposium is a continuation in a series of annual TMS symposia focusing on phase transformations and microstructural evolution in materials during processing and in service. It brings together experimental, theoretical, and computational experts to assess the current status of theories of phase transformations and microstructure evolution primarily in the solid states. In addition to fundamental understanding of the mechanisms underlying phase transformations and microstructure evolution, attention will also be given to the utilization of unique transformation pathways to develop novel microstructures for advanced structural and functional materials.

    The topics of choice for this year include, but are not limited to:

    Phase transformations in steels and ferrous alloys, non-ferrous alloys, ceramics, and other materials

    Phase transformations under far-from-equilibrium-condition processing or complex thermal histories

    Control phase transitions via defect engineering

    Materials defects induced by phase transformation

    Computation, data science, and experimentation in the understanding of phase transformations


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Light Metals

7:30 AM


    Alumina and Bauxite

    The Alumina and Bauxite Symposium—along with Aluminum Reduction Technology, Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production, Cast Shop Technology, and Aluminum Alloys, Processing and Characterization—collectively form the Light Metals Symposium at the TMS 2021 Annual Meeting & Exhibition. This meeting is an excellent opportunity to interact with experts from the Light Metals industry and academia from all over the world and get the latest updates on key issues in the industry.

    Based on the importance of improving processes, reducing environmental impact, and meeting the global challenges in aluminum production, this symposium invites you to submit papers on fundamental and applied research in the following subject areas:

    Changes in Bauxite Supply and Future Demands

    Bauxite Ore Characterization

    Bauxite Mining and Processing

    Handling and Processing

    Separation of Impurities

    Sustainability and Environmental Issues

    Bauxite Residue Handling and Opportunities

    Automation and Process Control

    Cost Reduction Strategies

    Alumina Quality and Properties (common session with Aluminum Reduction Technology)

    Authors seeking an oral presentation opportunity must submit a manuscript for the Light Metals 2021 proceedings or be approved for publication in a TMS journal.

    Aluminum Alloys, Processing and Characterization

    This Aluminum Alloys, Processing and Characterization Symposium, along with Cast Shop Technology, Aluminum Reduction Technology, Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production, and Alumina and Bauxite, form the Light  Metals Symposium at the TMS 2021 Annual Meeting & Exhibition. This meeting is an excellent opportunity to interact with experts from the Light Metals industry and academia from all over the world and get the latest updates on key issues in the industry.

    The symposium covers all aspects of the physical and mechanical metallurgy of aluminum alloys, as well as processing methods (continuous casting is covered by Cast Shop Technology), product development, testing, and implementation of aluminum for end applications, including transportation (automotive, aerospace, and marine), packaging, and other key product segments.

    You are invited to submit papers of fundamental and applied research in the following subject areas:

    Alloy Development, including Al-Sc alloys

    Microstructure Evolution and Characterization

    Defect Detection and Control

    Surface Modification and Control

    Mechanical Behavior

    Material and Process Modeling

    Processing Innovation

    Process Control and Measurements

    New Applications and Products

    Authors seeking an oral presentation opportunity must submit a manuscript for the Light Metals 2021 proceedings or be approved for publication in a TMS journal. Authors seeking a poster presentation are not eligible to publish in the conference proceedings.

    Aluminum Reduction Technology

    The Aluminum Reduction Technology Symposium, along with Alumina and Bauxite, Electrode Technology for

    Aluminum Production, Cast Shop Technology, and Aluminum Alloys, Processing and Characterization, collectively form the Light Metals Symposium at the TMS 2021 Annual Meeting & Exhibition. This is an excellent opportunity to interact with experts from the Light Metals industry and academia from all over the world and get the latest updates on key issues in the industry. The high growth in production capacity and the continuing increase in cell amperage demands better and deeper knowledge of fundamental issues to introduce improvements in cell operation.

    You are invited to submit papers of fundamental and applied research in the following subject areas:

    Cell Design and Cell Modeling

    Cell Start-Up and Early Operation

    Cell Operation (Performance and Operating Advances)

    Cell Modernization and Productivity Increase

    Process Control and Sensors

    Big Data and Industry 4.0 applied to Reduction Cell

    Environmental Issues

    Bath Chemistry

    Alumina Dissolution

    Power Modulation and Power Supply

    Safety issues in Reduction Lines

    Energy and Cost Saving Initiatives in the Reduction Process

    Emerging Reduction Processes

    Aluminum Trend and Market Demand

    Authors seeking an oral presentation opportunity must submit a manuscript for the Light Metals 2021 proceedings volume or be approved for publication in a TMS journal.


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA


7:30 AM


    Advanced Characterization Techniques for Quantifying and Modeling Deformation

    This symposium will provide a venue for presentations regarding the use of advanced characterization techniques in all classes of materials to quantify and model deformation mechanisms.

    Advances in characterization technology have greatly improved our ability to quantify deformation mechanisms such as dislocations, twinning, and stress induced phase transformations, and the microstructural changes accompanying deformation such as texture evolution, grain morphology changes, and localized strain. A variety of relatively new techniques are being applied to both structural and functional materials. These techniques, in combination with modeling, are improving our understanding of deformation and failure during material processing/forming and under normal or extreme conditions in service. In situ techniques are also providing enhanced understanding of individual mechanism interactions and direct validation of plasticity models.

    This gathering provides a place to talk about new advances in current techniques or in technique development as they apply to deformation. Areas of interest include, but are not limited to:

    Dislocations, deformation twins, and stress induced phase transformations

    All advanced X-Ray-based techniques

    All advanced electron-based techniques including HR-(S)TEM, EBSD, HR-EBSD, PED, and in situ TEM

    All structural and functional materials systems

    Advances in material modeling through the use of advanced characterization techniques

    Industrial applications

    Technique development.

    Advanced Real Time Imaging

    Real time observations can provide important information needed to understand materials behavior, as these techniques can provide temporal and spatial insights free from artifacts otherwise induced from conventional experimental techniques. Traditional and emerging advanced imaging techniques, which may be optical or non-optical, would allow such observations. Methods may be enhanced with capabilities that enable heating and cooling, controlled atmospheres, and application of stresses; and can be used to generate real time thermodynamic and kinetic data needed to study a variety of materials and processes. This symposium encompasses a broad range of materials science topics enabling cross-cutting opportunities for multiple disciplines (biomaterials, energy materials, functional materials, structural materials, etc.) while similar topics are categorized in the same scope in the technical program. Presentations are solicited on the application of these methods to materials science and industrial processes, as well as on development of such techniques. There will be a joint session with the Bio-Nano Interfaces and Engineering Applications symposium.

    Topics include, but are not limited to:

    Studies using real time optical (e.g., visible light, white light, laser, IR, and UV) and non-optical (e.g., electron and ultrasound) imaging techniques

    Researches using in-situ, in-operando, in-vitro, and in-vivo observation imaging techniques, such as thermal imaging furnace and other real time imaging methods

    Confocal techniques, including fluorescence and reflection types, which may be equipped with capabilities such as heating/cooling chambers, gas chambers, mechanical testing, Raman spectroscope, and FTIR

    Microscopic or telescopic imaging methods include hot thermocouple, resistance heating, and sessile drop techniques used for high temperature phenomena

    Thermodynamic and kinetic data from these techniques, useful for phase diagram constructions, oxidation/ corrosion modeling, phase formation kinetics studies, etc.

    Work using high speed and slow speed cameras

    Materials used in manufacturing real time imaging devices

    Novel technologies and methodologies for emerging imaging devices


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Nanostructured and Heterostructured Materials

7:30 AM


    Advances and Discoveries in Non-equilibrium Driven Nanomaterials and Thin Films

    This symposium plans to bring together scientists and engineers who focus on advances in synthesis and processing, atomic-scale characterization, structure-property correlations and modeling of novel non-equilibrium nanostructured materials and functional thin films. The scope of the symposium includes zero dimensional (such as nanodots), one-dimensional (nanotubes and nanowires), two-dimensional (thin films) and three-dimensional (bulk) nanostructures, uniquely synthesized under extreme non-equilibrium conditions. Integration of such novel functional materials on practical substrates such as silicon and sapphire plays a critical role in creating multifunctional materials for next-generation systems and will be included as one of the important area of interest in the proposed symposium.

    The symposium highlights the science of the pulsed laser deposition and laser processing techniques, high energy ion irradiation and mechanical milling, role of interfaces and defects for fabricating such novel materials, thin film heterostructures. It also focus on the recent discoveries of pulsed laser annealing induced formation of nonequilibrium nanostructures (e.g. thin film oxides, Q-carbon, and doped nanodiamonds). We cover the synthesis engineering of large area coverage of various nanostructures and thin films, including pure and doped quenched C and c-BN structures, diamonds through non-equilibrium processing which stands to revolutionize quantum computing, superhard coatings, high-temperature and high-power electronics, and biomedical applications.

    Topics include:

    Non-equilibrium processes for the synthesis of novel nanostructures

    Structure-properties correlations in complex oxide thin film hetero structures

    Atomic scale characterization of 0-D, 1-D, 2-D and 3-D nanostructures with novel functional properties

    Pulsed laser deposition and laser processing of novel materials and epitaxial thin film structures

    Role of defects and interfaces in properties manipulations in nanostructures

    Coatings and surface modifications for high-temperature and high-power electronics and biomedical applications

    Q-carbon, Q-BN, Q-BN, nano- and microdiamonds

    Functional Nanomaterials 2021: Translating Innovation into Pioneering Technologies

    The 2021 Functional Nanomaterials Symposium will cover the fundamentals and applications of nanomaterials.

    We will focus on the significant impacts functional nanomaterials will have on our global society’s needs when incorporated into 21st century technologies. We foresee opportunities for technological advances in nearly every sector of science and industry, particularly in medicine, electronic/bio/chemical sensors, computing and microelectronics, environmental stewardship controls and remediation, transportation, energy production/storage, artificial intelligence among others. Both conventional nanomaterials sessions and focused sessions will be held.

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

    Design of novel isotropic and anisotropic nanostructures, elucidation of their structure-property correlations, and theoretical understanding of the mechanistic principles that govern their novel properties Rational control and assemblies of nanoscale components in one-, two- or three- dimensions and the effect of dimensionality on their optical, electronic, chemical, magnetic, and physical properties Soft matter physics (e.g. self-assemblies, non-equilibrium colloids dynamic)

    Design and processing of nanostructured materials for energy production and storage

    Progress and characterization of multifunctional nanomaterials, such as bulk MAX and 2D MXenes

    Advances in state-of-the-art nano-sensing platforms with mono- or multi- modal capabilities

    Computational and experimental discovery and design of novel nanomaterials, such as functional nanoparticles and 2D/3D materials

    The scope of the focused sessions will cover incorporation of functional nanomaterials in devices for emerging applications, such as: Design, synthesis, characterization and applications of nanomaterials for next-generation batteries (e.g. Li/S, Li/air, Na-ion, Zn-ion batteries)

    Development of nanomaterials toward stretchable electronics and degradable sensors

    Fundamental properties and applications of nanomaterials for hydrogen production

    The additive manufacturing of nanomaterials based devices and related soft matter physics

    Nano-scale robotics, actuation, and manipulation for distinctive applications

    Emerging nano-sensor technologies for artificial intelligence, electronics, environmental stewardship and biochemical applications

    Application of computational and experimental methods to functional nanomaterials, surfaces, and interfaces


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Advanced Materials

7:30 AM


    Advanced High Strength Steels IV

    Advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) are particularly important to the automotive industry due to the recent demand of light weighting for fuel efficiency, while maintaining or improving passenger safety. Collaborative research efforts amongst industry, academia and national laboratories have been essential to develop and further understand the behavior of these AHSS alloys. This symposium focuses on the latest developments in high-strength low alloy (HSLA), dual-phase (DP), transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP), complex phase (CP), martensitic, twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP), quenched & partitioned (Q&P), medium manganese, TRIP-assisted bainitic ferrite (TBF), press-hardened steel (PHS) and low density steels.

    This symposium invites contributions on the understanding of processing-microstructure-property relationships of AHSS. Application of advanced characterization techniques to AHSS, with a particular focus on the nanoscale, is welcome. Furthermore, this symposium encourages advanced modelling and simulation of AHSS to further our understanding the performance of these materials via ab initio methods, computational thermodynamics, and constitutive laws, for example, as well as integrated computational materials engineering (ICME).

    Advanced Solid Phase Processing Symposium

    This symposium is intended to cover a broad scope of solid phase processing (SPP) fundamental studies up to potential applications. It will provide a forum to discuss fundamental physics and deformation mechanisms during SPP and microstructural evolution under SPP conditions. Abstracts are solicited that cover emerging processing approaches, characterization and theory/modeling of SPP methods and novel experimental approaches that reveal the deformation physics, analysis of defects, and their role of the resulting microstructural evolution and properties.

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

    Novel process condition probing methods for microstructural evolution correlation

    Advanced characterization techniques (e.g. in-situ electron microscopy, light source studies, nano/ micromechanical testing, tribological approaches, etc.)

    Micro-, meso- and nanoscale theory and modeling of deformation (e.g. ab-initio, MD simulations, phase field simulations, etc.)

    Explorations of the deformation or rapid thermal processing conditions promoting persistent metastable phases

    Characterization of SPP material performance in extreme environments (mechanical, irradiation, corrosion, etc.)

    To avoid overlap with traditional friction stir welding/processing, preference will be given to papers highlighting fundamental insights, novel in-situ studies, broadly applicable computational tools in emerging SPP platforms, technologies and advancements.

    Bulk Metallic Glasses XVII

    The goal of this symposium is to provide fundamental understanding and theoretical modeling of processing and mechanical behavior of bulk metallic glasses (BMGs).

    In the last decade, new approaches to fabricating metallic glasses [i.e., by utilizing unique combinations of elements to form metallic-glass alloys] have resulted in the required cooling rate dropping from 105 C/s to as low as 1 C/s, and the specimen size increasing from 0.05 mm to as large as 80 mm. Because of the large sizes possible with this exciting technology, the metallic glasses are called BMGs.

    Mechanical behavior of BMGs is among the new, exciting fields of research that are fully illustrating their advantages over crystalline alloys. Generally, BMGs have higher fracture strengths, fracture toughnesses, and elasticities than their crystalline counterparts. There is great interest in BMGs for use in biomedical, structural, and mechanical applications.

    Some of the areas to be explored include:

    Material fabrication and processing

    Nanocrystalline materials and composites

    Mechanical behavior

    Shear band formation, fatigue, deformation, and fracture mechanisms

    Corrosion, physical, magnetic, electric, thermal, and biomedical behavior

    Theoretical modeling and simulation

    Industrial applications

    High Entropy Alloys VIII

    This symposium will provide a new venue for presentation of research on the fundamental understanding and theoretical modeling of high-entropy alloy (HEA) processing, microstructures, and mechanical behavior.

    In contrast to conventional alloys, which are based upon one principal element, HEAs have multiple principal elements, often five or more. The significantly high entropy of the solid solution stabilizes the solid-solution phases in face-centered-cubic (FCC), body-centered-cubic (BCC), and hexagonal close-packed (HCP) structures against intermetallic compounds. Moreover, carefully-designed HEAs possess tailorable properties that far-surpass their conventional alloys. Such properties in HEAs include high strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, oxidation resistance, fatigue and wear resistance. These properties will undoubtedly make HEAs of interest for use in biomedical, structural, mechanical, and energy applications. Given the novel and exciting nature of HEAs, they are poised for significant growth, not unlike the bulk metallic glass or nanostructured alloy scientific communities, and present a perfect opportunity for a new symposium.

    Topics of interest include but not limited to:

    Material fabrication and processing, such as homogenization, nanomaterials, and grain-boundary engineering

    Advanced characterization, such as neutron scattering and three-dimensional (3D) atom probe

    Thermodynamics and diffusivity: measurements and modeling

    Mechanical behavior, such as fatigue, creep, and fracture

    Corrosion, physical, magnetic, electric, thermal, coating, and biomedical behavior

    Theoretical modeling and simulation using density functional theory, molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo simulations, phase-field and finite-elements method, and CALPHAD modeling Industrial applications


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Electronic Materials

7:30 AM


    Advanced Microelectronic Packaging, Emerging Interconnection Technology and Pb-free Solder

    Continuing advances in microelectronic, optoelectronic and nanoelectronic devices require new materials and technologies to meet the increasing electrical, thermal, mechanical, reliability, performance, and environmental demands placed on interconnects and packaging at all levels. This symposium will address current research in Packaging Materials and Processes, including Pb free solders, alternative interconnects, conductive adhesive, epoxy, substrates, 3D packaging, wafer level packaging, quality, reliability, and failure analysis.

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

    Packaging materials and Processes for next generation packages, e.g., 3D packaging, wafer level packaging, photonic packaging, Internet of Things (IoT), flexible electronics, wire bonding, automotive and power electronics

    Interconnects for packages, e.g., Pb-free solder, micro bumps, Through-silicon-vias (TSVs), direct Cu to Cu bonding, wire bonding, conductive adhesive, optoelectronic interconnects, transient liquid phase bonding, sintered nano-powder joints, and alternative interconnect materials at chip and package levels.

    Additive manufacturing and 3D printing for electronics industry

    Other packaging materials e.g., epoxy, molding compounds, epoxy flux, thermal interface material (TIM), substrate materials and process.

    Quality, Reliability, and failure analysis for next generation packages. Continuing challenges in implementing Pb-free solders for interconnect, plating and thermal interface material (TIM) applications

    Developments in next-generation Pb-free solders for improved reliability

    Developments in high temperature Pb-free solders and associated interconnects for automotive and power electronics

    Developments in low temperature Pb-free solder alloys and fine pitch solder joints

    Electromigration, thermomigration, stress-migration and mechanical effects

    Whisker growth in Sn, Sn-based alloys and other metallic systems

    Advanced characterization methods as applied to interconnect technology

    Fundamental materials behavior including phase transformations, computational thermodynamics, solidification, microstructure evolution, corrosion, mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of solders and intermetallic compounds

    Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications VIII

    This symposium addresses synthesis, property measurements, phase stability, and phase transformation of the alloys and  compounds used in thermoelectric and solar cell devices.

    Materials of interest include, but are not limited to:



    Half-heusler alloys





    New materials for thermoelectric and solar cell applications

    Phase Stability, Phase Transformations, and Reactive Phase Formation in Electronic Materials XIX

    This is the 19th in a series of TMS symposia addressing the stability, transformation, and formation of phases during the fabrication, processing, and utilization of electronic materials and devices. Topics of interests range from microelectronic technologies to advanced energy technologies, including phase stability, transformation, formation, and morphological evolution of electronic packaging materials, interconnection materials, integrated circuit materials, optoelectronic materials as well as energy storage and generating materials.


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

Energy & Environment

7:30 AM


    Advanced Magnetic Materials for Energy and Power Conversion Applications

    This symposium focuses on structure, property, processing, and performance interrelationships for emerging soft magnetic materials, permanent magnets, and magnetocaloric materials; hybrid materials, such as materials that display both a magnetocaloric and elastocaloric effect; and magnetic materials for sensors and actuators. The scope includes new material compositions, advanced manufacturing methods, novel characterization approaches, and applications. We also encourage topics that focus on the economic impacts that magnetic materials have on manufacturing and adaptation of technologies and applications.

    The symposium will place particular interest on emerging and established advanced manufacturing methods such as:

    additive manufacturing

    top-down and bottom-up bulk nano-manufacturing

    thermal-mechanical and thermal magnetic processing

    energy dense processing such as RF, microwave, high pressure, and high magnetic field processing

    novel magnetic materials for sensor and actuator applications and their advanced processing


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA


7:30 AM


    Advances in Biomaterials for 3D Printing

    Biomaterials have been widely utilized in a variety of biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, biosensors and medical implants, due to their inherent physical and chemical properties including biocompatibility, tunable mechanical properties and biodegradability, and hierarchical internal structures.

    Additive manufacturing, based on layer-by-layer fabrication mechanism, possesses critical advantages in fabrication of 3D structures of biomaterials for various biomedical applications, including complex geometries, heterogeneity, porosities, and incorporation of different growth factors.

    Typical 3D printing techniques used for biomaterials include inkjet printing, microextrusion, laser-assisted printing,

    stereolithography, to name a few. The most common biomaterials used in 3D printing are ceramics, polymers, and composites. The post-printing properties and microstructures are of great importance to the biomaterial functionality, such as mechanical properties, physical properties including swelling and degradation properties, pore size and porosity.

    The symposium shall focus on the recent advances in the biomaterials for 3D printing. Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

    Fabrication of biomaterials-based scaffolds

    Characterization of post-printing biomaterials

    Modeling and simulation of biomaterial properties

    Fabrication of biomaterials-based heterogeneous structures

    Novel biomaterials for 3D printing

    Bioprinting of cellular structures

    Novel 3D printing techniques


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA

PbZn 2021

7:30 AM


    9th International Symposium on Lead and Zinc Processing (PbZn 2021)

    Plan now to participate in the ninth installment of the International Symposium on Lead and Zinc Processing (PbZn 2021), co-located with the TMS 2021 Annual Meeting and Exhibition, March14-18, 2021, Orlando, Florida.

    Established in 1970, the PbZn symposium series is considered the leading international technical forum for the lead and zinc processing industries. PbZn 2021 will convene operators, engineers, and researchers to exchange information about all aspects of current processing technologies for primary and secondary lead and zinc, as well as emerging technologies for both metals.

    Co-location with the TMS 2021 Annual Meeting & Exhibition (TMS2021) affords even greater exposure for your work, since all TMS2021 attendees will have access to PbZn 2021 programming as part of their registration.

    Technical Program

    Specific technical topics for PbZn 2021 include, but are not limited to:

    Global factors affecting the production of zinc and lead, including economic aspects, product development and marketing endeavors, and environmental and health issues

    Surveys of existing smelters and refineries for primary and secondary lead and zinc production

    Lead and zinc production technology

    Product applications, marketing, and new product development

    Recycling technologies and product life cycle issues

    Fundamental research related to lead and zinc processes and to understanding the basic theories of lead and zinc processing


7:30 AM - 6:30 PM

Orlando World Center Marriott, Orlando, Florida, USA



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